Basic Facts About Homelessness: New York City

The Coalition for the Homeless provides up-to-date information on New York City’s homeless population. In recent years, homelessness in New York City has reached the highest levels since the Great Depression. You can find more information about homelessness at the following page: Facts About Homelessness (main page)

This page provides an overview of homelessness in New York City. Here you can find the key statistics about New York City’s homeless shelter population and a brief description of some of the main factors causing modern homelessness. You can also download a fact sheet about homelessness in New York City.

Learn more about the data here.

Also see: How many total people are homeless in NYC?

The Basic Facts:

  • In recent years, homelessness in New York City has reached the highest levels since the Great Depression of the 1930s
  • In November 2023, there were 92,879 homeless people, including 33,399 homeless children, sleeping each night in New York City’s main municipal shelter system. A total of 24,036 single adults slept in shelters each night in December 2023
  • In addition to the primary shelter system operated by the Department of Homeless Services (DHS), the City has implemented a patchwork of other systems to accommodate asylum seekers and new arrivals
  • As of the end of December 2023, the total number of people sheltered in these systems was approximately 123,000
  • Families entering shelters predominantly come from a few clustered zip codes in the poorest neighborhoods in New York City. However, homeless families and single adults come from every community district in NYC prior to entering shelters
  • The number of homeless New Yorkers sleeping each night in municipal shelters is now 75 percent higher than it was 10 years ago. The number of homeless single adults is 115 percent higher than it was 10 years ago
  • Research shows that the primary cause of homelessness, particularly among families, is lack of affordable housing. Surveys of homeless families have identified the following major immediate, triggering causes of homelessness: eviction; doubled-up or severely overcrowded housing; domestic violence; job loss; and hazardous housing conditions
  • Research shows that, compared to homeless families, homeless single adults have higher rates of serious mental illness, addiction disorders, and other severe health problems
  • Each night thousands of unsheltered homeless people sleep on New York City streets, in the subway system, and in other public spaces. There is no accurate measurement of New York City’s unsheltered homeless population, and recent City surveys significantly underestimate the number of unsheltered homeless New Yorkers
  • Studies show that the large majority of unsheltered homeless New Yorkers are people living with mental illness or other severe health problems
  • Black and Hispanic/Latinx New Yorkers are disproportionately affected by homelessness. Approximately 56 percent of heads of household in shelters are Black, 32 percent are Hispanic/Latinx, 7 percent are White, less than 1 percent are Asian-American or Native American, and 4 percent are of unknown race/ethnicity
  • In City Fiscal Year 2023, the average length of stay in the DHS shelter system was 412 days for single adults, 437 days for families with children, and 750 days for adult families
  • In November 2019, DHS estimated that 77 percent of adult families, 68 percent of single adults, and 53 percent of families with children sleeping in shelters had at least one disability

New York City Homelessness: Downloads

The following documents are available for download:

Updated February 2023